Some communities around the country have civilian review board where a group of civilians review actions of the police. Police departments have an Internal Affairs department that’s investigates police behavior and discipline them. But critics argue that Internal Affairs is ineffective because the Blue Wall of Silence effect, where police officers who serve in Internal Affairs protect the officer accuse of wrong-doing instead of diligently investigating the crime. Diane Waterdorf explains that the police brotherhood, like firefighter brotherhood, are there for officers to rely on in life and death situations. Advocates of civilian review board argue a set of eye independent of the police force is need for the community to have confidence that any review of allege wrong-doing was unbiased.
Opponents of an civilian review board argue that civilians are not qualified to evaluate trained officers. Police officers have opposed civilian review board s in the past out of fear civilian input could politicize the process. Police officers have resisted civilian review board since for years. Momentum build up for civilian review board after the 1992 Rodney King beating. Calls have found a new momentum since the shooting of Micheal Brown by a Ferguson, Missouri police officer. In her article to the American, Kim Hendrickson point out that establishment of civilian review have been opposed by political politicians and ideologues on conservative for some time. Hendrickson argue in her article that conservatives that opposed civilian oversight wanted to give the police as much discretion to fight crime and opposed second-guessing the police. She also points out that that some politicians and ideologues on conservative support civilian review as a way to limit government.
The National institute of Justice develop some suggestions on approaches to civilian review board in 2001. Mentioned that it originated in the 1950s. The following are four examples of civilian oversight or independent from 4 different cities: Columbia, Missouri; Portland, Oregon; Berkeley, California; and Los Angeles, California.
What are the four types of civilian oversight:
1. Civilian investigate the police and make recommendations to the chief. The most expensive because lay people don’t have the funds and time to hire professionals.
2. Internal affairs investigate and develop findings for civilian review make recommendation of the findings: Tends to be inexpensive because volunteers conduct the review.
3. A Complainant may make appeal findings to the civilian review board established by the police: Can be inexpensive
4. An auditor investigates the process.
Many departments have a combinations of the four types.